To continue from yesterday’s posting about monotypes, here’s more of what Frank Howell had to say about monotypes:
Monotypes, as we are familiar with them, became relatively common late in the nineteenth century but the technical knowledge to create them has existed about as long as the intaglio process which dates from the fifteenth century. Although the means to create the monotype existed, the potential of its practice awaited the artists and artistic conditions necessary for it to emerge. The first known reference to the monotype was early in the nineteenth century.
Although certainly not the first artist to use the monotype, the greatest innovator and practitioner of the medium in the nineteenth century was Edgar Degas. Degas did more than any other artist to make the monotype an important and viable medium for artistic expression. In only a little over fifteen years of exploration of the medium, Degas created over four hundred and fifty monotypes. His perception and sense of experimentation gave to artists and the world insights into color, light and spontaneity unique to the monotype.
Monotypes, because of their innate uniqueness as a printed painting of which there is only one, are an important addition to any fine art collection.
This is a monotype I made using the photograph that appeared on yesterday’s post. I made this one by painting directly on a thin sheet of plexiglass, which was then put on a printing press. Paper is placed on top of the plate and the press is rolled over it.
Frank Howell explained monotypes very well:
Monotypes, described simply, are printed paintings or drawings. These unique works of art, executed in ink or oil paint, prior to transferring to paper via a printing press, record clearly the artist’s painterly and adventurous manipulations of pigment on a surface of metal or Plexiglas while creating an image.
In terms of technique, the monotype is the simplest form of printmaking, requiring only pigments, a surface on which to apply them, paper and some form of press. Traditional forms of printmaking like woodcut, etching, engraving or lithography involve much more complex processes of physically or chemically cutting or fixing an image in wood, metal or stone so that it may be inked and printed repeatedly.
Though the shape I most identify with is the spiral, here’s a circle I wanted to share with you. It’s a monotype. In case you don’t already know what a monotype is, it is a one-of-a-kind print made by painting on a piece of glass which is then placed on the printing press. Paper is then placed over the plate and the press is rolled over it.
Now about “oh”! I remember my dear sister shared with me one of the secrets to a happy relationship. She said not to underestimate the value of replying with “oh,” when something the other person says happens to surprise you (perhaps negatively) and you want to say something affirmative. She went on to say “oh” about ten times with varied intonations.